Citing packages in the SciPy ecosystem

A number of articles related to scientific computing with Python have appeared; a selection related to some of the core toolstack are listed below. See also the May 2007 and March 2011 editions of the journal Computing in Science & Engineering which focuses on scientific computing with Python.

SciPy (the library)

  • Jones E, Oliphant E, Peterson P, et al. SciPy: Open Source Scientific Tools for Python, 2001-, [Online; accessed <today>].

Here’s an example of a BibTeX entry:

  author =    {Eric Jones and Travis Oliphant and Pearu Peterson and others},
  title =     {{SciPy}: Open source scientific tools for {Python}},
  year =      {2001--},
  url = "",
  note = {[Online; accessed <today>]}

For any specific algorithm, also consider citing the original author’s paper (this can often be found under the “References” section of the docstring).

Scientific Computing in Python

NumPy & SciPy

  • Stéfan van der Walt, S. Chris Colbert and Gaël Varoquaux. The NumPy Array: A Structure for Efficient Numerical Computation, Computing in Science & Engineering, 13, 22-30 (2011), DOI:10.1109/MCSE.2011.37 (publisher link)


  • Fernando Pérez and Brian E. Granger. IPython: A System for Interactive Scientific Computing, Computing in Science & Engineering, 9, 21-29 (2007), DOI:10.1109/MCSE.2007.53 (publisher link)



  • Stefan Behnel, Robert Bradshaw, Craig Citro, Lisandro Dalcin, Dag Sverre Seljebotn and Kurt Smith. Cython: The Best of Both Worlds, Computing in Science and Engineering, 13, 31-39 (2011), DOI:10.1109/MCSE.2010.118 (publisher link)


  • Wes McKinney. Data Structures for Statistical Computing in Python, Proceedings of the 9th Python in Science Conference, 51-56 (2010) (publisher link)


  • Fabian Pedregosa, Gaël Varoquaux, Alexandre Gramfort, Vincent Michel, Bertrand Thirion, Olivier Grisel, Mathieu Blondel, Peter Prettenhofer, Ron Weiss, Vincent Dubourg, Jake Vanderplas, Alexandre Passos, David Cournapeau, Matthieu Brucher, Matthieu Perrot, Édouard Duchesnay. Scikit-learn: Machine Learning in Python, Journal of Machine Learning Research, 12, 2825-2830 (2011) (publisher link)


  • Stéfan van der Walt, Johannes L. Schönberger, Juan Nunez-Inglesias, François Boulogne, Joshua D. Warner, Neil Yager, Emmanuelle Gouillart, Tony Yu and the scikit-image contributors. scikit-image: Image processing in Python, PeerJ 2:e453 (2014) (publisher link)